This goal is aimed at ending discrimination against women and girls around the world. In some regions, there is still enormous inequality in the labor market, and women systematically refuse equal access to jobs. According to a survey from 84 countries and districts, women, on average, spend more than three times as much time doing unpaid homework and caring for family members as men. According to reports, the time spent on homework is largely due to the gender gap in unpaid work.
Women continue to be underrepresented in leadership positions. In most of the 67 countries for which data are available for the period 2009-2015, women hold less than one third of senior and mid-level management posts.
As of 1 January 2020, women’s representation in national parliaments (lower chamber and unicameral parliaments) had reached 24.9 percent – up from 22.3 percent in 2015. In 2019, women represented 39 percent of the world’s workers and half of the world’s working-age population, but only 28 percent of managerial positions (up from 25 percent in 2000). Women face higher barriers than men in accessing employment. And when they do get a job, they are often excluded from decision-making positions. In 2019, women accounted for 41 percent of managerial positions in South-Eastern Asia and 40 percent in Northern America, but only 8 percent in Northern Africa.
Providing women and girls with equal access to education, health care, decent work and participation in political and economic decision-making processes will help achieve sustainable economies and benefit society and humanity as a whole..
The Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan clearly articulates the principles of non-discrimination and equal rights for women and men. International assessments of gender equality in Uzbekistan indicate that the country still maintains a gender imbalance in education and in the areas of women's access to economic and political opportunities.
In Uzbekistan, over the past 15 years, the level of participation of women in public administration has increased. Thus, the share of seats held by women in the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis during 2006-2020. increased from 18% to 32%, and in Kengashes of people's deputies of regions, cities and districts increased from 14% to 25%. The decisive role was played by the Resolution of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. 87-I of May 6, 1995 "On the accession of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, adopted in New York on December 18, 1979", No. 493-I of 30 August 1997 "On Ratification of the Convention on Equal Remuneration for Men and Women for Work of Equal Value" and No. 501-I of August 30, 1997 "On Accession to the Convention on the Political Rights of Women", Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. 760-I of April 14, 1999 of the year "On additional benefits for women", Resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. PD-4235 dated March 7, 2019 "On measures to further strengthen guarantees of labor rights and support for women's entrepreneurship" and a number of other similar legislative acts.
Despite these measures, the role of women in government decision-making is low. Women predominate in the lower echelons of power – in positions that do not involve decision-making. As you move up, the presence of women decreases. Thus, Proportion of women working in ministries and government committees in ministerial (equivalent) positions in Uzbekistan at the end of 2020 amounted to only 3.03 percent. In the field of education, gender inequality is clearly visible at the level of higher education, where coverage in higher education of the population aged 25 and over the proportion of women is 40 percent. The proportion of women with a Ph.D. degree is 37 percent, and the proportion of women with the academic title of Associate Professor is 31.5 percent, Doctor of Science – 24.3 percent, and female professors – 22.7 percent.
Target 5.1. End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere, including integration into legislation and effective implementation in law enforcement practice of the principles of the elimination of indirect discrimination.
Target 5.2. Eliminate all forms of violence against all women, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation.
Target 5.3. Prevent early and forced marriages.
Target 5.4. Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate.
Target 5.5. Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life.
Target 5.6. Ensure universal coverage of health services for comprehensive reproductive health care.
Target 5.а. Expand women support programs to exercise their rights and interests in the social and economic sphere.
Target 5.b. Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women.
Target 5.с. Fully integrate the principles of gender equality in the process of adopting government programs at different government levels.
|1||Indicator 5.1.1. The existence of legal mechanisms to ensure reliable compliance with norms on the inadmissibility of discrimination on the basis of gender.||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||Available||Available||Available|
|2||Indicator 5.4.1. Proportion of time spent on unpaid care and domestic work, disaggregated by sex, age and place of residence (population aged 16 years old and above).|
|3||Indicator 5.5.1. Percentage of seats held by women:|
|а) Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis, %||-||-||-||-||-||18,0||18,0||18,0||18,0||22,0||22,0||22,0||22,0||22,0||16,0||16,0||16,0||16,0||12,6||32,0||32,7||32,0|
|b) Kengashes of people’s deputies of regions, cities and districts, %||-||-||-||-||-||14,1||14,1||14,1||14,1||16,6||16,6||16,6||16,6||16,6||23,0||23,0||23,0||23,0||23,0||24,9||24,9||-|
|4||Indicator 5.5.2. Percentage of women in managerial positions. 9)||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||27,4||27,7||26,8||26,8||27,1||26,7||27,7||27,7||27,1||27,0||27,0||26,6||26,5||28,8|
|5||Indicator 5.6.2. Presence of laws and regulations that guarantee full and equal access to women and men aged 15 years and older to sexual and reproductive health care and information and education.||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available|
|6||Indicator 5.a.2. Presence of a legal framework (including customary law) guaranteeing women equal rights to land ownership and /or control.||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3||2.8.3|
|Criterion A: Existence of legal rules and regulations or government policy to mandate joint registration of land and to promote it with economic incentives||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3|
|Criterion B. Availability of legal rules and regulations, or state policy aimed at binding spousal consent for transactions with land and real estate||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3|
|Criterion C. Existence of legal norms and rules or state policy ensuring the rights of women and girls to equal inheritance rights||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3|
|Criterion D. Existence of legal rules and regulations, or government policy, providing for the allocation of financial resources to increase women's tenure and control over land||2/3||2/3||2/3||2/3||2/3||2/3||2/3||2/3||2/3||2/3||2/3||2/3||2/3||2/3||2/3||2/3||2/3||2/3||2/3||2/3||2/3||2/3|
|Criterion F. Does the legal and policy framework ensure the participation of women in land and land-related governance?||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3||3/3|
|7||Indicator 5.b.1. Proportion of people with a mobile phone, disaggregated by sex.|
|a) total 10)||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||63,5||68,1||69,8||71,7||72,4|
|8||Indicator 5.c.1. The existence of a methodology and with systems to track and make public allocations for gender equality and women’s empowerment.||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||Available|
3) Without small businesses and microfirms
4) Household data