The manufacturing industry’s recovery from COVID-19 remains incomplete and uneven: some high-income regions achieved record-high manufacturing value added per capita in 2022 but levels in the least developed countries were not much higher than the 2015 baseline. In the aftermath of the pandemic, data show that higher-technology industries recovered faster and proved to be more resilient, pointing to the need to promote innovation and technology transfer in a way that benefits all countries. To achieve Goal 9 by 2030 it is essential to support the least developed countries, invest in advanced technologies, lower carbon emissions, and increase global mobile broadband access.
Global carbon dioxide emissions from energy combustion and industrial processes grew by 0.9 per cent in 2022 to a new all-time high of 36.8 billion tonnes.
In 2022, the medium-high and high-technology industries experienced solid growth, mainly due to the recovery in the automotive sector and consistently strong production in sectors such as computers, electronics and optical products, and electrical equipment.
Mobile broadband (3G or above) access is available to 95 per cent of the world’s population, while 4G coverage has doubled to 88 per cent between 2015 and 2022.
The economic development of Uzbekistan for the period up to 2030 provides for the provision of sustainable economic growth in accordance with the definitions and characteristics of this concept adopted in international practice. The targets for the economic development of Uzbekistan for the period up to 2030 provide for an increase in the gross domestic product by at least 2 times by 2030 on the basis of increasing the competitiveness of the national economy, which will be achieved primarily by increasing productive employment.
Increasing the country's well-being will largely depend on the country's ability to create favorable conditions for the growth of sustainable employment. In 2020, the number of economically active population in Uzbekistan amounted to 14.797 million people (43.2 percent of the total population). The number of employed people in the economy in 2020 amounted to 13.236 million people and increased by 2.3 percent, compared with 2019. At the end of 2020, the overall unemployment rate was 10.5 percent. At the same time, the issue of low economic activity of the population, widespread informal employment, high unemployment among vulnerable segments of the population, and low qualification of the labor force remain unresolved. So, the youth unemployment rate was about 24.1 percent. Only 66.6 percent of women of working age were economically active, while among men 80.5 percent of the population were economically active.
An important component of Uzbekistan's entry into the composition of upper middle-income countries by 2030 is the creation of jobs with high added value, based on improving the business climate and increasing labor productivity. To achieve this goal, the government implements a policy aimed at deepening structural transformations, based on an active investment policy by expanding the potential of attracted external and internal investments aimed at creating new industries, technical modernization of existing ones, development of infrastructure and support for innovation.
Target 8.1. By 2030, Ensure an increase in gross domestic product per capita by 2.6 times.
Target 8.2. Achieve efficiency gains in the economy through diversification, technical upgrading and development of innovation, including a focus on labour-intensive, high value-added sectors.
Target 8.3. Creation of favorable conditions aimed at providing decent work and expanding productive employment of the population, especially young people, persons with disabilities, through the implementation of active and passive measures in the labor market, protection of private property, support and removal of barriers for the accelerated development of small and large businesses, private entrepreneurship and family business.
Target 8.4. Gradually improve global resource efficiency in consumption and production systems throughout the period until the end of 2030 and strive to ensure that economic growth is not accompanied by environmental degradation, as set out in the ten-year strategy for action to shift to sustainable consumption and production patterns.
Target 8.5. By 2030, ensure that all women and men, including youth and persons with disabilities, have stable and productive employment and decent work, including a 1.4-fold increase in the employed population, a 3.1-fold increase in labor productivity, and equal pay for work equal value.
Target 8.6. By 2030, reduce by more than 2.0 times the proportion of young people who do not work, do not study, and do not acquire professional skills.
Target 8.7. Strengthen the control and monitoring to prevent the worst forms of child and forced labour.
Target 8.8. Protect the labor rights of employees and provide them with safe working conditions.
Target 8.9. By 2030, devise sustainable tourism development that creates new jobs and increases demand for local products.
Target 8.10. Widespread use by the population and business entities of basic services of financial institutions, in particular, banking, insurance and payment services using remote access.
Target 8.b. By 2030, develop and operationalize a global strategy for youth employment and implement the Global Jobs Pact of the International Labour Organization (adopted on 1 9.07.2009 at the International Labour Conference).
|1||Indicator 8.1.1. Annual growth rate of real GDP per capita. 8)||2,4||2,9||2,7||3,0||6,2||5,7||6,1||7,9||7,3||6,2||4,1||4,7||5,5||5,6||5,1||5,4||4,1||2,7||3,7||4,0||0,1||5,3||3,5|
|2||Indicator 8.2.1. Annual growth rate of real GDP per employed person. 8)||2,7||2,4||1,8||1,4||4,0||4,0||4,7||6,7||6,1||5,3||4,3||4,9||4,4||4,7||4,4||5,2||4,0||2,7||7,5||3,9||4,3||5,0||4,1|
|3||Indicator 8.3.1. Proportion of informal employment in total employment, by sector and sex: 13)|
|d) in the agricultural sector;||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||66,5||70,3||66,7||69,4||61,7|
|e) in the non-agricultural sector.||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||30,0||29,4||34,3||35,2||32,3|
|4||Indicator 8.5.1. Percentage of the difference between the average monthly wage of male and female employees to the average monthly wage of male. 11)||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||37,8||37,8||36,7||36,0||34,5||34,6||38,6||36,2||37,5||36,6||34,0|
|5||Indicator 8.5.2. Unemployment rate, by sex and age: 14)|
|d) 16-30 years old;||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||15,1||15,0||16,4||15,1||14,4|
|e) over 30 years old.||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||6,8||6,1||7,6||6,7||5,9|
|6||Indicator 8.6.1. Proportion of youth (aged 16 to 24 years) not in education or employment. 8)||-||51,6||47,4||45,3||46,7||42,6||34,3||25,4||17,2||19,2||19,3||19,7||18,1||17,6||21,0||21,4||21,2||22,6||23,8||25,9||30,5||29,3||29,9|
|7||Indicator 8.7.1. Proportion and number of children aged 5–17 years engaged in child labour, by sex and age. 5)||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||20,6|
|8||Indicator 8.8.1. Fatal and non-fatal occupational injuries per 100,000 workers, by sex and migrant status: 13)|
|9||Indicator 220.127.116.11. Percentage of enterprises that have entered into collective bargaining agreements in accordance with ILO Conventions.||53,5||50,7||59,5||70,0||75,3||83,1||84,7||87,5||87,6||87,9||90,1||94,5||95,8||96,3||98,1||99,3||95,2||98,5||98,9||99,1||99,6||99,7||99,8|
|10||Indicator 8.9.1. Tourism direct GDP as a proportion of total GDP and in growth rate. 8)||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||2,2||2,1||2,0||2,2||2,4||2,5||0,4||0,6||-|
|11||Indicator 8.10.1. Number of: a) commercial bank branches per 100,000 adults;||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||27,0||38,0||36,0||40,0||42,0||48,0||51,0|
|b) automated teller machines (ATMs) per 100,000 adults.||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||22,0||24,0||29,0||38,0||48,0||52,0||81,0|
|12||Indicator 8.10.2. Proportion of adults (15 years and older) with an account at a bank or other financial institution or with a mobile-money-service provider.||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||63||70|
1) For individual years, the data have been recalculated
3) Without small businesses and microfirms
5) 2000-2006. officially recognized unemployment rate
6) Without small enterprises and microfirms (in the industries, construction, transport and communications), since 2016. by type of economic activity industry, construction, communications, transportation and storage