Ongoing and new violent conflicts around the world are derailing a global path to peace and the achievement of Goal 16. One quarter of humanity lives in conflict affected areas and, as of mid-2022, more than 100 million people had been forcibly displaced worldwide – more than double the number a decade ago. Citizens also face challenges gaining access to justice, basic services and legal guarantees. Moreover, structural injustices, inequalities and emerging human rights challenges are putting peaceful and inclusive societies further out of reach. To meet Goal 16 by 2030, action is needed to restore trust and to strengthen the capacity of institutions to secure justice for all and facilitate transitions to drive sustainable development.
Globally, about 458,000 people were victims of homicide in 2021 – the highest number of victims in the past 20 years. The noticeable spike in killings in 2021 can be partly attributed to the economic repercussions of COVID-19-related restrictions, as well as an escalation of gang-related and sociopolitical violence in several countries. The homicide rate was 5.8 per 100,000 people, marginally lower than in 2015 (at 5.9 per 100,000).
In 2021, the global prison population was 11.2 million. Some 3.4 million of all prisoners are un sentenced detainees, and their share among all prisoners has remained at around 30 per cent between 2015 and 2021.
With independence, the country's leadership announced a course towards the creation of a democratic state based on the rule of law, in which human rights and interests are supreme values. Reforms in the field of public administration, ensuring openness and accountability of public authorities, strengthening judicial independence, and the development of civil society were phased.
Anti-corruption issues remain a serious problem in Uzbekistan, which is also noted in the Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (146th out of 180 countries according to 2020 estimates). In addition, in the United Nations E-Government Development Index, Uzbekistan in 2020 ranked 87th among 193 countries.
In 2016-2017, Uzbekistan initiated a full-scale reform in the public administration system. One of the key elements of improving the public administration system is the creation of effective, independent and competent institutions that effectively interact among themselves, a system of professional civil service, comprehensive programs and initiatives to combat corruption, and an active civil society.
Target 16.1. Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere.
Target 16.2. Eradicate all forms of violence against children and women.
Target 16.3. Promote the rule of law and ensure equal access to justice for all.
Target 16.4. By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime.
Target 16.5. Substantially reduce corruption and extremism in all their forms.
Target 16.6. Increase effectiveness, accountability and transparency of government institutions at all levels.
Target 16.7. Increase participation of citizens, business entities and civil society institutions in the process of decision-making at all levels.
Target 16.9. By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration.
Target 16.10. Increase the informational openness of public authorities and administration to realize the rights of citizens to information and ensure the protection of fundamental freedoms of citizens.
Target 16.а. Strengthen relevant national institutions by enhancing their cooperation at the national and international levels to prevent violence, combat terrorism, extremism and other types of crime.
|1||Indicator 16.1.4. Proportion of population that feel safe walking alone around the area they live after dark. 6)||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||90,0|
|2||Indicator 16.2.1. Proportion of children aged 1–17 years who experienced any physical punishment and/or psychological aggression by caregivers in the past month. 7)|
|a) all children;||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||62,2|
|3||Indicator 16.6.1. Primary government expenditures as a proportion of original approved budget, by sector (or by budget codes or similar). 3)||-||-||-||-||-||98,7||101,7||109,2||110,0||98,6||97,5||98,4||96,8||98,2||99,5||95,5||95,8||105,1||128,3||111,5||109,5||99,2||110,6|
|4||Indicator 188.8.131.52. Proportion of certain categories of citizens (women, persons over working age, youth) in public institutions:|
|b) persons over working age;||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||2,3||2,4||2,6||2,3||2,2||2,2||2,1||2,3||2,3||2,3||2,5||2,9||3,0||2,9||3,4|
|c) youth (up to 30 years).||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||33,1||32,1||31,6||31,7||31,7||30,9||30,6||30,0||29,2||29,1||29,0||27,9||27,1||24,5||22,3|
|5||Indicator 16.9.1. Proportion of children under 5 years of age whose births have been registered with a civil authority, by age. 5)||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||100,0|
|6||Indicator 16.10.2. The list of normative legal acts providing guarantees of citizens' access to information.||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available||Available|
|7||Indicator 16.а.1. Availability of national human rights institutions, duly accredited in international mechanisms in accordance with the Paris Principles.||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||Available||Available||Available|
10) Data have been restated due to revaluation of GDP for 2010-2020.