Conflict, insecurity, weak institutions and limited access to justice remain threats to sustainable development. In 2019, the number of people fleeing war, persecution and conflict exceeded 79.5 million, the highest level recorded since these statistics have been systematically collected. One in four children continues to be deprived of legal identity through lack of birth registration, often limiting their ability to exercise rights in other areas.

Opaque, cumbersome, and ineffective rules and procedures allow corrupt officials to extort bribes or levy informal payments. So, in 2020, according to the Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (the index ranks countries and territories on a scale from 0 (highest corruption) to 100 (lowest corruption)), out of 180 countries of the world, New Zealand and Denmark ranked first with an index of 88 , while South Sudan and Somalia ranked 179th with an index of 12.

Children are subject to various forms of violence – physical punishment and psychological aggression, trafficking and sexual violence. Violent forms of discipline are widespread, despite their detrimental and often long-lasting impact. Nearly eight in ten children from 1 to 14 years of age were subjected to some form of psychological aggression and/or physical punishment at home in the previous month in 69 (mostly low- and middle-income) countries with available data from 2012 to 2019.

Trafficking of children is a global problem, mostly associated with sexual exploitation, but also forced labour. In 2016, children accounted for almost one third of detected trafficking victims worldwide (23 percent were girls and 7 percent were boys).

With independence, the country's leadership announced a course towards the creation of a democratic state based on the rule of law, in which human rights and interests are supreme values. Reforms in the field of public administration, ensuring openness and accountability of public authorities, strengthening judicial independence, and the development of civil society were phased.

Anti-corruption issues remain a serious problem in Uzbekistan, which is also noted in the Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (146th out of 180 countries according to 2020 estimates). In addition, in the United Nations E-Government Development Index, Uzbekistan in 2020 ranked 87th among 193 countries.

In 2016-2017, Uzbekistan initiated a full-scale reform in the public administration system. One of the key elements of improving the public administration system is the creation of effective, independent and competent institutions that effectively interact among themselves, a system of professional civil service, comprehensive programs and initiatives to combat corruption, and an active civil society.

National Tasks

Target 16.1. Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere.

Target 16.2. Eradicate all forms of violence against children and women.

Target 16.3. Promote the rule of law and ensure equal access to justice for all.

Target 16.4. By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime.

Target 16.5. Substantially reduce corruption and extremism in all their forms.

Target 16.6. Increase effectiveness, accountability and transparency of government institutions at all levels.

Target 16.7. Increase participation of citizens, business entities and civil society institutions in the process of decision-making at all levels.

Target 16.10. Raise information transparency of national and local authorities to ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms of citizens.

Target 16.а. Strengthen relevant national institutions by enhancing their cooperation at the national and international levels to prevent violence, combat terrorism, extremism and other types of crime.

National indicators

Национальные индикаторы 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
1 Indicator 16.1.4.1. The rating of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the Order and Security Index "World Justice Project", index (country's rank / number of participating countries) - - - - - - - - - - - - 0,89 (8/97) 0,89 (8/97) 0,90 (5/99) 0,91 (5/102) 0,91 (5/113) 0,92 (7/113) 0,92 (7/113) 0,91 (9/126) 0,90 (11/128)
2 Indicator 16.5.1.1. Ranking of Uzbekistan in corruption perception index Transparency International. - - - - - - - - - - 172 171 170 168 166 153 156 157 158 153 146
3 Indicator 16.6.1. Primary government expenditures as a percentage of the initial approved budget, by sector (by budget classification code or similar categories). 10) - - - - - 98,7 101,7 109,2 110,0 98,6 97,5 98,4 96,8 98,2 99,5 95,5 95,8 105,1 128,3 111,5 109,5
4 Indicator 16.7.1.1. Proportion of certain categories of citizens (women, persons over working age, youth) in public institutions.                                          
  a) women - - - - - - - - 60,0 60,4 60,2 60,0 60,3 60,1 60,8 61,0 60,6 59,8 59,5 60,2 60,8
  b) persons over working age - - - - - - - - 2,3 2,4 2,6 2,3 2,2 2,2 2,1 2,3 2,3 2,3 2,5 2,9 3,0
  c) youth (up to 30 years) - - - - - - - - 33,1 32,1 31,6 31,7 31,7 30,9 30,6 30,0 29,2 29,1 29,0 27,9 27,1
5 Indicator 16.10.2. The list of normative legal acts providing guarantees of citizens' access to information. Available Available Available Available Available Available Available Available Available Available Available Available Available Available Available Available Available Available Available Available Available
116 Indicator 16.а.1. Availability of national human rights institutions, duly accredited in international mechanisms in accordance with the Paris Principles. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Available

10) Data have been restated due to revaluation of GDP for 2010-2020.

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