The current model of consumption and production is unstable in the long run, and maintaining this model can cause irreparable damage to the planet. Agriculture is the largest consumer of water in the world and now irrigation consumes almost 70 percent of all freshwater resources. In addition, approximately one third of the food consumed by mankind (about 1.3 billion tons) is lost or discarded.

Important directions for achieving Goal 12 are: the effective management of natural resources, the sustainable management of toxic waste and pollutants, the promotion of industries, enterprises and consumers implementing recycling and waste reduction, as well as the principles of a cyclical economy.

In 2000-2016 per capita, one can observe a growth trend in income, wages and pensions. On the other hand, there is an increase in demand for various products, the production of which requires already limited natural resources. It also leads to an increase in waste.

The data of the state cadastre of waste storage, storage and disposal sites showed that by 2011, over 2.4 billion tons of industrial and 71.9 million m3 of municipal waste had been accumulated in the main storage facilities with a total area of ​​10,329.7 ha.

Uzbekistan annually produces 35 million cubic meters of household waste. This is approximately 254 thousand wagons. Each citizen of Uzbekistan produces about 165 kg of household waste every year. About 25% of the average trash can is food waste, 5-10% is paper, 50% is polymers, the rest is metal, textiles, rubber, glass and more.

The country's solid waste management systems are poorly equipped to meet current demand. Outside of Tashkent, only rudimentary waste management systems operate, the collected garbage is simply thrown into open landfills outside the village.

National Tasks

12.1-Implement the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns (2012 Rio+20 Conference).

12.4-By 2030, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment.

12.5-By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse.

12.6-Encourage companies, especially large ones, to adopt sustainable production practices and integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle.

12.7-Expand the use of environmental standards in public procurement practices.

12.8-By 2030, ensure that people have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyle in harmony with nature.

12b-Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates of jobs and promotes culture and production.

12c-Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by reforming taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of the country and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities.

National indicators

  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Indicator 12.4.2.1 Formation of toxic waste products of 1-3 hazard classes per capita 0,8 0,7 0,7 0,7 13,7
Indicator 12.4.2.2 The share of neutralized production waste of 1-3 hazard classes in  total volume of generated production waste of 1-3 hazard classes 11,2 8,1 11,6 9,8 0,1
Indicator 12.5.1 Level of processing of municipal solid waste,%       9 19,1
Indicator 12.b.1 Share of tourism services in export,% 7,8 9,5 10,4 4,4 7,4