There is no country in the world that does not experience the dramatic effects of climate change. Greenhouse gas emissions continue to grow and currently exceed the 1990 level by more than 50 percent. In addition, global warming is causing long-term changes in our climate system, thereby threatening irreversible consequences.
Changes in temperature, sea level rise, periods of abnormal heat in winter or cold in summer, heat waves, weekly heavy rains, droughts, floods, extinction of plant and animal species are just some of the effects of climate change. It affects almost all aspects of human life - economy, economy, health. This problem will affect everyone - from a small farmer to a businessman, but especially the poor and vulnerable segments of the population, as well as women, children and the elderly.
The annual losses from tsunamis, tropical cyclones and floods amount to hundreds of billions of dollars.
Helping more vulnerable regions, landlocked countries, and island states to adapt to climate change must go hand in hand with efforts to reduce the risk of climate disasters. It is necessary to limit the increase in global average temperature to within two degrees Celsius, which will require political will and a wide range of technological measures.
Climate change cannot be stopped, but its negative effects can be mitigated. Economic losses due to climate change by 2030 are measured in the amount of 3.2% of global GDP. Measures to combat climate change will create more jobs and increase wealth.
Climate change and natural disasters provoked by this process pose certain risks for ensuring food security, improving the welfare of the population and for the development of Uzbekistan, a country in which the contribution of the agricultural sector to GDP remains quite high.
A sharp change in temperature conditions, a decrease in water resources, an increase in natural disasters and a decrease in agricultural productivity are serious risks for the sustainable development of our region. Climate change impacts disproportionately affect the most vulnerable.
A third of the total population lives in areas of natural hydrometeorological disasters (droughts, mudflows, landslides, floods, avalanches, frosts, dust storms, heat waves), where the situation may worsen due to increased precipitation, temperature and evaporation.
These problems annually lead to serious socio-economic consequences, internal migration of people, destroy infrastructure and reduce the availability of water for agriculture (90% of agricultural land is irrigated artificially). In 2016, 67 hydrometeorological emergencies were recorded, the direct damage from which amounted to 7.723 billion soums. In the period 1977-2015, 1335 mudflows were recorded, of which 33 resulted in deaths. Problems with limited water resources will be further exacerbated due to high temperatures and less rainfall due to climate change, which will increase the demand for irrigation water and reduce river flow during the growing season.
13.2-Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning paying a special attention to the measures implemented in Aral region.
13.3-Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning.
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