More than half of the world's population now lives in cities. By 2050, this figure will increase to 6.5 billion people - two-thirds of all humanity. Studies show that with the growth of the country's economy, the proportion of the urban population increases. The rapid growth of cities in the developing world, coupled with increased migration from rural to urban areas, has led to an increase in the number of megacities. In 1990, there were ten megacities with a population of 10 million or more. In 2014, there are 28 megacities, with a total population of 453 million people.
Cities remain the core of progress and innovative development. In the 40 largest megacities of the world, only 18% of the world's population lives, which produce two-thirds of all economic benefits and nine out of ten innovations.
At the same time, sustainable development cannot be achieved without a significant change in the way we build and manage our urban spaces. Extreme poverty is often concentrated in urban and suburban areas. Ensuring the security and resilience of cities means ensuring access to safe and affordable housing and improving housing conditions. It also involves investing in public transport, creating green public spaces and improving urban planning and management with public participation.
According to the State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Statistics, since 2000 to 2018 the share of urban population increased from 36% to 50.6%. There are only 17 cities with a population of more than 100 thousand inhabitants in the country, and three with a population of more than 500 thousand inhabitants. These are Tashkent (2.5 million), Namangan (0.6 million) and Samarkand (0.5 million).
On the other hand, according to UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund), the share of urban population in Uzbekistan has fallen from 40% in 1990. up to 36.4% in 2016.
In the future, in Uzbekistan, the solution of the issues of resilience and security will be connected with the solution of the tasks of ensuring access of the population, including the poor, to quality housing with the proper infrastructure, as well as ensuring the environmental sustainability of cities and towns.
The relevance of the goal is due to the fact that Uzbekistan aims to continue the process of industrialization of the economy. Industrialization, as the experience of other countries shows, is usually accompanied by the development of the urbanization process, an increase in the load on the infrastructure of cities, especially the largest economic centers, and aggravation of various social problems. To minimize (ideally, completely eliminate) the impact of the problems posed by the urbanization process, Uzbekistan is already implementing a set of programs to ensure balanced development, including by stimulating the development of regional centers and small towns, expanding and modernizing social, engineering and communication infrastructure. In the long term, there is the task of further improving the mechanisms for managing settlements and ensuring balanced spatial development of the country.
11.1-By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services.
11.2-By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of people in vulnerable situations.
11.3-By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management.
11.4-Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard objects of cultural and natural heritage.
11.5-By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected by disasters, especially women and children, and substantially decrease the direct economic losses caused by disasters with a focus on protecting people in vulnerable situations.
11.6-By 2030, reduce the adverse environmental impact of cities on population, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management.
11.7-By 2030, expand the areas of green spaces, recreational parks, playgrounds for children in cities and towns, and make them inclusive and accessible for persons with disabilities.
|Indicator 11.1.1 Provision of population with housing (sq.m. per person)||15,2||15,2||15,4||15,7||15,8|
|а) in urban areas||15,4||15,4||15,4||15,8||16,0|
|v) in rural areas||14,9||15,0||15,4||15,5||15,7|
|Indicator 11.1.2 Proportion of households not owning a house, %||1,5||1,4||2,2||2,1||2,0|
|Indicator 11.2.1 Proportion of population with convenient access to public transport, disaggregated by sex, age and disability, %|
|Indicator 11.3.1 Ratio of land consumption rate to population growth rate||1,045||1,037||0,920||0,999||1,149|
|Indicator 11.5.1. Number of deaths, missing persons and directly injured disasters per 100,000 people||2,3||1,9||1,9||2,8||2,7|
|Indicator 11.5.2 Direct economic losses due to natural disasters as% of GDP||0,000||0,002||0,003||0,000||0,005|
|Indicator 11.6.1 Percentage of municipal solid waste regularly collected and properly discharged out of total urban solid waste||22,8||43,6|
|Indicator 11.7.1 Area of city parks of culture and recreation per capita||1,18||1,17||1,14||1,10||1,1|