Today, for the majority of the world's population, it is difficult to imagine life without access to energy. Between 1990 and 2010, the number of people with access to electricity increased by 1.7 billion. With global population growth and economic development, the demand for cheap energy will increase. However, every seventh inhabitant of the Earth does not have access to electricity. Moreover, 2.8 billion people use wood, charcoal, manure and coal for cooking and heating their homes, which annually leads to more than 4 million deaths due to indoor air pollution.
It should be remembered that a global economy dependent on fossil fuels and an increase in greenhouse gas emissions are causing drastic changes in our climate system. Efforts to stimulate clean energy have led to the fact that since 2011, more than 20 percent of global energy has been generated from renewable energy sources.
Ensuring universal access to affordable electricity by 2030 means investing in the development of green energy sources such as solar, wind and heat. Adopting effective standards for a wider range of technologies can also reduce global energy consumption in buildings and industrial facilities. Expanding infrastructure and improving technologies for clean energy in all developing countries is one of the most important tasks that can stimulate growth and help protect the environment.
Uzbekistan contains large reserves of minerals, including hydrocarbon reserves. Uzbekistan takes 13th place in the world in natural gas production, and 24th in reserves. However, resources are rapidly depleted and, at current production rates, reserves will run out by 2035. In addition, the economy of Uzbekistan is one of the most energy-intensive in the world. For example, the energy intensity of a country's GDP is 35% higher than in neighboring Kazakhstan, and three times higher than in Germany. The industrial sector, which often uses outdated technologies in the production process, accounts for about 40% of all energy consumed in the country.
The Government of Uzbekistan, in its national Low-Carbon Development Strategy, identified three sectors as the priority, which account for the highest energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions: electricity generation, heat supply and buildings. In particular, the housing sector (mainly residential buildings) accounts for half of all greenhouse gas emissions associated with energy consumption (about 80 million tons of CO2-eq. Per year). Given the expected steady population growth (according to UN estimates, the population of Uzbekistan will increase by more than 20% over the next 15 years), accompanied by growth in new construction, energy consumption in residential buildings, and emissions are projected to grow by 30% to 2050.
By 2030, the Government of Uzbekistan seeks to reduce the energy intensity of the economy by about 50%, as well as provide universal access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy sources for all. To this end, government programs aimed at the modernization of key energy-intensive sectors of the economy are being initiated.
7.1-By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services.
7.2-By 2030, significantly increase the share of energy from renewable sources in the energy balance.
7.3-By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency.
7b-By 2030, expand the infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services.
|Indicator 7.1.1 Proportion of population with access to electricity.|
|Indicator 7.1.2 Proportion of households using technologies configured to use clean fuels (gas and electricity) for cooking.||94,5|
|Indicator 7.2.1 Proportion of electricity generated from renewable energy sources in total electricity production.||10,9||11,8||11,6||13,0||9,4|
|Indicator 7.3.1 Energy intensity, calculated as the ratio of primary energy consumption to Gross Domestic Product (GDP).||0,237||0,218||0,204||0,202||0,200|
|Indicator 7.b.1 Percentage of investments in fixed assets in the energy sector in total volume of investments in fixed assets.||4,5||5,0||5,3||7,6||12,4|