This goal is aimed at ending discrimination against women and girls around the world. In some regions, there is still enormous inequality in the labor market, and women systematically refuse equal access to jobs. According to a survey from 84 countries and districts, women, on average, spend more than three times as much time doing unpaid homework and caring for family members as men. According to reports, the time spent on homework is largely due to the gender gap in unpaid work.
Women continue to be underrepresented in leadership positions. In most of the 67 countries for which data are available for the period 2009-2015, women hold less than one third of senior and mid-level management posts.
Providing women and girls with equal access to education, health care, decent work and participation in political and economic decision-making processes will help achieve sustainable economies and benefit society and humanity as a whole.
The Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan clearly articulates the principles of non-discrimination and equal rights for women and men. International assessments of gender equality in Uzbekistan indicate that the country still maintains a gender imbalance in education and in the areas of women's access to economic and political opportunities.
In Uzbekistan, over the past 25 years, the level of women's participation in public administration has increased. So, the proportion of women in the Oliy Majlis (Parliament) during 1994-2017. increased from 7.3% to 15.6%. The decisive role was played by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. 1084 “On enhancing the role of women in the state and public construction of the Republic of Uzbekistan”, adopted in 1995. The second incentive was the introduction of a gender quota (the new version of the Law “On Elections to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan”, 2003), according to which the proportion of women should be at least 30% of the total number of candidates for deputies nominated from political parties.
Despite these measures, the role of women in government decision-making is low. Women predominate in the lower echelons of power - in positions that do not involve decision-making. As you move up, the presence of women decreases. Thus, the share of women in the executive branch (in ministerial positions) in Uzbekistan at the end of 2017 amounted to only 5.3%. In the field of education, gender inequality is clearly visible at the level of higher education, where the proportion of women is only 37% compared to 63% for men.
5.1-End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere, including integration into legislation and effective implementation in law enforcement practice of the principles of the elimination of indirect discrimination.
5.3-Prevent early and forced marriages.
5.4-Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate.
5.5-Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life.
5.6-Ensure universal coverage of health services for comprehensive reproductive health care.
5a-Expand women support programs to exercise their rights and interests in the social and economic sphere.
5b-Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women.
5c-Fully integrate the principles of gender equality in the process of adopting government programs at different government levels.
|Indicator 5.4.1 Proportion of time spent on unpaid care and domestic work, disaggregated by sex, age and place of residence (population aged 16 years old and above), %||-||-||-||-||15,5|
|Indicator 5.5.1. Percentage of seats held by women, %:|
|а) Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis;||16,0||-||-||-||-|
|b) Kengashes of people's deputies of regions, cities and districts||23,0||-||-||-||-|
|Indicator 5.5.2 Percentage of women in managerial positions.||27,7||27,7||27,1||27,0||27,0|
|Indicator 5.b.1 Proportion of people with a mobile phone, disaggregated by sex|