Rapid economic growth and increased agricultural productivity over the past two decades have reduced the number of undernourished people by almost half. After a long period of decline in the number of undernourished people, world hunger has begun to rise again. Key causes include conflict, drought and natural disasters associated with climate change. The proportion of the world's undernourished population has increased from 10.6 percent in 2015 to 11 percent in 2016. In absolute terms, the number of hungry people worldwide has increased from 777 million in 2015 to 815 million in 2016. In 2017, the number of children under the age of 5 with a developmental delay was 151 million, 51 million were suffering from malnutrition, and 38 million were overweight.

This goal seeks to put an end to all forms of hunger and malnutrition by 2030 so that all people, especially children, have access to nutritious food in sufficient quantities all year round. This includes promoting sustainable agricultural practices: supporting smallholder farmers and ensuring equal access to land, technology and markets. It also requires international cooperation to provide investment in infrastructure and technology to increase agricultural productivity.

Over the years of independence, Uzbekistan has been able to achieve full food and grain independence, significantly increasing the production of grain and food products, thereby ensuring wide access for all sectors of the population to essential products (flour, flour products, fruit and vegetable and meat and dairy products). For 1990-2012. despite the population growth of 38.2%, the average per capita consumption of meat and meat products (by 22.6%), milk and dairy products (by 30.3%), eggs (by 42.3%), vegetables ( 2 times), potatoes (1.5 times), fruits (3.6 times).

However, in Uzbekistan, the problem of micronutrient deficiency among the population, such as iodine, folic acid, iron, and vitamin A, is still relevant. According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the prevalence of malnutrition in Uzbekistan is 6.3%, which means that 1.9 million people are undernourished. Uzbekistan ranked 78th in the Global Food Security Index in 2017.

National Tasks

2.1-By 2030, ensure access to balanced and high-quality nutrition in necessary volumes, vital and safe food for all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, all year round.

2.2-By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under five years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women, and older persons.

2.3-By 2030, significantly increase the average agricultural productivity and incomes of food producer.

2.4-By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity of production.

2.5-Maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks.

2a-Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity

2b-Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in the world agricultural markets.

2v-Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility.

National indicators

  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Indicator 2.1.2 Anemia incidence:           
a) total population 5584,2 6098,3 5862,1 5125,7 5248,9
b) children under 5 years old 11284,2 11187,0 11164,3 10770,9 11099,4
c) pregnant women 3408,0 3322,4 2985,3 2758,1 2761,8
Indicator 2.2.1 Proportion of stunting in children under the age of five, among the annual average number of children under the age of five.  0,8 0,7 0,7 0,8 0,7
Indicator 2.2.2.1 Proportion of wasting in children under five years of age due to malnutrition, among the annual average number of children under five years of age.           
a) all children - - - 0,2 0,1
b) girls - - - 0,2 0,2
c) boys - - - 0,2 0,1
Indicator 2.2.2.2 Proportion of overweight children under five years of age due to malnutrition in the annual average of children under five years of age.           
a) all children - - - 0,2 0,2
b) girls - - - 0,2 0,2
c) boys - - - 0,2 0,2
Indicator 2.3.1 Productivity of main crops by category of farms           
1. Wheat          
a) total 47,9 48,2 47,9 42,2 41,0
b) in farms 46,6 47 46,6 40,4 40,0
c) in dekhkan (personal) farms 59,3 59,2 59,8 57,9 53,7
d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities 31,1 30,6 29,8 30 27,8
2. Grain maize          
a) total 50,2 50,5 54,2 48,1 49,0
b) in farms 42,4 43,8 47,3 39,9 40,1
c) in dekhkan (personal) farms 59,5 59,6 64,6 61,1 62,7
d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities 42,9 40,6 39,6 34,3 36,9
3. Rice          
a) total 38,1 32,8 34,4 30,9 27,6
b) in farms 37,9 32,4 34,1 30,6 26,2
c) in dekhkan (personal) farms 48,5 49,7 46,3 49,8 49,6
d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities 30,4 26 30 22,8 25,3
4. Cotton          
a) total 26,1 25,9 23,4 24,0 20,9
b) in farms 26,3 26,0 23,5 24,0 20,8
d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities 13,7 13,5 16,6 18,6 24,0
5. Potato          
a) total 213,6 219,1 225,1 217,9 224,8
b) in farms 195,2 201 212,9 178,1 154,9
c) in dekhkan (personal) farms 218,4 223,9 228,7 225,3 238,2
d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities 188,7 189 205 91,4 118,0
6. Vegetables – total          
a) total 268,3 271 271,1 253,6 237,1
b) in farms 263 261,7 258,9 212 178,9
c) in dekhkan (personal) farms 273,5 277,3 280,8 272,8 266,3
d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities 165,4 196,2 171,6 206,4 106,0
7. Melons and watermelons – total          
a) total 201,3 203,6 209,4 197,9 189,8
b) in farms 193,6 192 197,4 169,8 139,6
c) in dekhkan (personal) farms 210,6 217,2 226,7 233,3 243,3
d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities 171,7 155,2 145,9 67,9 67,5
8. Fruits and berries          
a) total 116,0 128,1 134,5 118,3 121,6
b) in farms 90,1 99,0 103,9 77,1 82,5
c) in dekhkan (personal) farms 169,5 183,8 194,3 197,4 198,7
d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities 43,7 61,1 60,2 32,2 32,4
9. Grape          
a) total 120,7 133,1 142,3 157,0 157,5
b) in farms 96,5 108,3 116,1 120,2 118,4
c) in dekhkan (personal) farms 174,9 189,0 200,1 226,1 222,6
d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities 82,4 77,5 80,1 60,8 84,3