Rapid economic growth and increased agricultural productivity over the past two decades have reduced the number of undernourished people by almost half. After a long period of decline in the number of undernourished people, world hunger has begun to rise again. Key causes include conflict, drought and natural disasters associated with climate change. The proportion of the world's undernourished population has increased from 10.6 percent in 2015 to 11 percent in 2016. In absolute terms, the number of hungry people worldwide has increased from 777 million in 2015 to 815 million in 2016. In 2017, the number of children under the age of 5 with a developmental delay was 151 million, 51 million were suffering from malnutrition, and 38 million were overweight.

This goal seeks to put an end to all forms of hunger and malnutrition by 2030 so that all people, especially children, have access to nutritious food in sufficient quantities all year round. This includes promoting sustainable agricultural practices: supporting smallholder farmers and ensuring equal access to land, technology and markets. It also requires international cooperation to provide investment in infrastructure and technology to increase agricultural productivity.

Over the years of independence, Uzbekistan has been able to achieve full food and grain independence, significantly increasing the production of grain and food products, thereby ensuring wide access for all sectors of the population to essential products (flour, flour products, fruit and vegetable and meat and dairy products). For 1990-2012. despite the population growth of 38.2%, the average per capita consumption of meat and meat products (by 22.6%), milk and dairy products (by 30.3%), eggs (by 42.3%), vegetables ( 2 times), potatoes (1.5 times), fruits (3.6 times).

However, in Uzbekistan, the problem of micronutrient deficiency among the population, such as iodine, folic acid, iron, and vitamin A, is still relevant. According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the prevalence of malnutrition in Uzbekistan is 6.3%, which means that 1.9 million people are undernourished. Uzbekistan ranked 78th in the Global Food Security Index in 2017.

National Tasks

2.1-By 2030, ensure access to balanced and high-quality nutrition in necessary volumes, vital and safe food for all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, all year round.

2.2-By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under five years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women, and older persons.

2.3-By 2030, significantly increase the average agricultural productivity and incomes of food producer.

2.4-By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity of production.

2.5-Maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks.

2a-Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity

2b-Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in the world agricultural markets.

2v-Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility.

National indicators

Национальные индикаторы 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
1 Indicator 2.1.1. Prevalence of undernourishment. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6,4 6,3 6,3 2,6 2,6 2,6 -
2 Indicator 2.1.2. Anemia incidence:                                          
  a) total population; 5612,3 6705,2 6658,3 7626,2 7637,6 7803,6 8163,3 8364,0 8912,7 8640,9 8532,4 7911,2 7086,3 6592,2 5584,2 6098,3 5862,1 5125,7 5248,9 5332,8 -
  b) children under the age of 5; - - - - - - 17966,2 18296,7 17070,1 16355,1 15662,9 13198,3 12295,4 11872,9 11284,2 11187,0 11164,3 10770,9 11099,4 10775,5 10397,4
  c) pregnant women. 4885,3 4830,3 5203,9 4683,0 4519,6 4133,5 4385,1 4507,7 4468,0 4643,9 3909,9 3604,6 3561,6 3496,9 3408,0 3322,4 2985,3 2758,1 2761,8 3011,7 -
3 Indicator 2.2.1. Prevalence of stunting (height for age <-2 standard deviation from the median of the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards) among children under 5 years of age.  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8,7 - - -
4 Indicator 2.2.1.1. Proportion of children under five years of age who are stunted in the average annual population of children under five years of age.                                          
  a) all children - - - - - - - 1,1 1,0 1,0 1,0 0,9 0,8 0,8 0,8 0,7 0,7 0,8 0,7 0,7 0,7
  b) girls - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0,7 0,7
  с) boys - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0,7 0,6
5 Indicator 2.2.2. Prevalence of malnutrition (weight for height >+2 or <-2 standard deviation from the median of the WHO Child Growth Standards) among children under 5 years of age, by type (wasting and overweight). - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1,9 - - -
6 Indicator 2.2.2.1. Proportion of children under 5 years of age who are malnourished as a percentage of the annual average population of children under 5 years of age.                                           
  a) all children - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0,2 0,1 0,2 0,1
  b) girls - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0,2 0,2 0,1 0,1
  с) boys - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0,2 0,1 0,1 0,1
7 Indicator 2.2.2.2. Proportion of children under five who are overweight due to malnutrition in the annual average population of children under five.                                           
  a) all children - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2
  b) girls - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2
  с) boys - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2
8 Indicator 2.3.1.1. Productivity of major agricultural crops by farm category.                                           
  1. Wheat                                          
  a) total 27,6 30,8 39 36,4 37 41,5 43,5 44,9 45,2 48,9 46,5 47,8 47,3 47,4 47,9 48,2 47,9 42,2 41,0 46,3 45,4
  b) in farms 25,8 28 37,1 34,2 35,8 39,7 42,4 43,6 43,5 48 45,4 46,1 46 45,9 46,6 47 46,6 40,4 40,0 47,3 47,3
  c) in dekhkan (personal) farms 41,1 43 46,8 49,1 51,4 54,5 55,5 56,7 58,1 56,2 56,7 61,7 57,8 59 59,3 59,2 59,8 57,9 53,7 38,8 38,1
  d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities 25,8 29,4 38,5 35,3 34,9 39,6 38,4 27,9 30,1 35 28,7 31,2 33,1 35,6 31,1 30,6 29,8 30,0 27,8 41,3 35,6
  2. Grain maize                                          
  a) total 31,5 35,9 38,6 40,3 42,1 44,5 46,6 47,2 51,6 53,8 51,1 49,4 43,6 50 50,2 50,5 54,2 48,1 49,0 47,2 46,3
  b) in farms 27,3 31,7 33 33,1 35,1 39,9 41 39,3 40,7 45,8 41,7 37,8 32,6 41,2 42,4 43,8 47,3 39,9 40,1 41,3 45,9
  c) in dekhkan (personal) farms 40,1 45,4 46,5 49,4 49,6 50,8 51,5 54,2 60,6 59,4 58,7 58,2 60,4 59,3 59,5 59,6 64,6 61,1 62,7 56,5 48,0
  d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities - - 23,1 20,4 23,8 29,4 31,5 31 31,1 40,2 36,2 35,2 40,9 47,9 42,9 40,6 39,6 34,3 36,9 37,9 43,8
  3. Rice                                          
  a) total 24,3 26,8 28,3 27,9 27,7 31,8 33,7 35,7 33,9 36,6 31,9 36 32,4 41,1 38,1 32,8 34,4 30,9 27,6 27,5 31,6
  b) in farms 19,9 18,3 26,5 30,5 28,1 30,7 32,8 34,9 32,4 36 31 34,9 32 41,2 37,9 32,4 34,1 30,6 26,2 25,7 31,1
  c) in dekhkan (personal) farms 32,9 44,7 49,1 47 47 47,6 44,2 48,4 47,1 49,6 50,4 48,3 48,3 50,1 48,5 49,7 46,3 49,8 49,6 52,1 48,8
  d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities - - 27,5 24 24,1 30,4 33,7 32,5 34,3 27,8 29,9 30,6 26,4 30,1 30,4 26 30,0 22,8 25,3 30,9 28,1
  4. Cotton                                          
  a) total 21,8 23,3 22,4 20,5 24,5 25,3 25,0 25,5 24,0 25,3 25,4 26,3 26,4 25,7 26,1 25,9 23,4 24,0 20,9 25,6 29,0
  b) in farms 18,9 21,8 19,7 18,9 23,3 24,2 24,6 25,6 24,2 25,4 25,9 26,4 26,5 25,8 26,3 26,0 23,5 24,0 20,8 25,6 29,1
  c) in dekhkan (personal) farms 22,6 23,7 23,7 21,6 26,0 27,8 27,4 15,8 14,1 16,4 9,5 15,0 18,7 13,2 13,7 13,5 16,6 18,6 24,0 25,7 28,4
  5. Potato                                          
  a) total 129,3 131,9 143,7 152,5 157,5 170,3 175,2 184,1 194,1 198,4 194,9 195,7 203,7 210,7 213,6 219,1 225,1 217,9 224,8 227,3 213,4
  b) in farms 112 121,7 129,4 135,4 120,3 132,5 158,6 161,1 162,6 166,3 152,2 166,1 192,5 187,9 195,2 201 212,9 178,1 154,9 168,2 178,5
  c) in dekhkan (personal) farms 133,3 137,7 147,7 156,4 164,4 175,2 177,6 188,2 201,1 206,1 207,2 204,2 206,4 216 218,4 223,9 228,7 225,3 238,2 237,9 218,3
  d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities 114,8 96,9 111,3 113,1 103,7 109,7 139,3 144,4 115,1 135 146,6 159 218,4 218,3 188,7 189 205,0 91,4 118,0 150,8 206,7
  6. Vegetables                                          
  a) total 183,8 185,7 193,8 200,9 203,1 215,8 223 228,4 246,4 253,6 252,5 263,7 265,6 270,9 268,3 271 271,1 253,6 237,1 235,6 234,4
  b) in farms 156,8 170,2 188,4 190,6 172,4 181,6 206,2 209,5 218,7 230,5 239,8 256,7 262,2 273,5 263 261,7 258,9 212,0 178,9 200,5 207,6
  c) in dekhkan (personal) farms 196,2 195,8 201,3 211,4 219,8 230,7 233,6 238,8 262,5 267,6 260,1 268,7 269,6 272 273,5 277,3 280,8 272,8 266,3 253,1 245,6
  d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities 155,5 159,3 168,2 175 151,8 168,1 169,6 166,1 148,4 160 170,1 172,5 148,5 155,1 165,4 196,2 171,6 206,4 106,0 125,3 174,2
  7. Melons and watermelons                                          
  a) total 132,4 135,6 127,1 141,4 157 169,1 178,2 184,6 190,9 191 192,6 187,3 200,3 200 201,3 203,6 209,4 197,9 189,8 180,4 168,3
  b) in farms 97 101,1 97,4 111,6 125,8 134 150,4 162,7 167,6 174,3 178,3 158,1 192,3 190 193,6 192 197,4 169,8 139,6 134,1 140,0
  c) in dekhkan (personal) farms 170,5 179,8 174,9 186,1 200,9 213,4 216,6 214,4 220,7 210,6 214,1 226,4 212,2 211 210,6 217,2 226,7 233,3 243,3 229,4 208,1
  d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities 98,3 99,4 79,6 106,1 100,6 104,9 132,5 162,7 144,9 171,7 132 147,5 165,5 182,4 171,7 155,2 145,9 67,9 67,5 82,8 102,6
  8. Fruits and berries                                          
  a) total 56,9 56,0 57,8 52,5 58,2 62,3 73,8 76,6 82,5 87,2 92,6 97,3 104,7 112,3 116,0 128,1 134,5 118,3 121,6 118,5 116,7
  b) in farms 36,9 38,4 42,3 34,3 45,4 50,5 63,9 63,4 67,4 73,4 76,2 79,6 83,5 88,1 90,1 99,0 103,9 77,1 82,5 83,4 83,7
  c) in dekhkan (personal) farms 91,5 90,2 88,6 83,6 88,7 92,2 92,7 100,0 106,6 109,9 125,1 135,1 147,9 159,4 169,5 183,8 194,3 197,4 198,7 193,4 188,2
  d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities 36,9 35,1 37,9 32,0 34,9 36,8 49,5 32,7 42,3 40,6 24,2 30,4 28,7 36,6 43,7 61,1 60,2 32,2 32,4 37,1 44,7
  9. Grape                                          
  a) total 63,1 57,6 51,0 41,2 60,8 64,7 79,4 85,2 77,4 85,2 90,8 97,8 108,6 116,1 120,7 133,1 142,3 157,0 157,5 153,5 152,0
  b) in farms 56,3 53,3 45,7 31,1 47,5 51,0 70,3 73,5 63,5 72,7 79,7 83,2 91,7 95,7 96,5 108,3 116,1 120,2 118,4 111,9 108,2
  c) in dekhkan (personal) farms 87,9 85,5 83,5 77,0 86,8 94,7 97,2 109,0 103,3 110,0 116,4 130,5 146,0 161,9 174,9 189,0 200,1 226,1 222,6 225,4 229,2
  d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities 55,3 47,4 38,2 25,9 49,7 50,5 70,8 62,1 66,0 78,3 30,4 60,1 68,2 73,3 82,4 77,5 80,1 60,8 84,3 80,9 76,4

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