Rapid economic growth and increased agricultural productivity over the past two decades have reduced the number of undernourished people by almost half. After a long period of decline in the number of undernourished people, world hunger has begun to rise again. Key causes include conflict, drought and natural disasters associated with climate change. The proportion of the world's undernourished population has increased from 10.6 percent in 2015 to 11 percent in 2016. In absolute terms, the number of hungry people worldwide has increased from 777 million in 2015 to 815 million in 2016. In 2017, the number of children under the age of 5 with a developmental delay was 151 million, 51 million were suffering from malnutrition, and 38 million were overweight.
This goal seeks to put an end to all forms of hunger and malnutrition by 2030 so that all people, especially children, have access to nutritious food in sufficient quantities all year round. This includes promoting sustainable agricultural practices: supporting smallholder farmers and ensuring equal access to land, technology and markets. It also requires international cooperation to provide investment in infrastructure and technology to increase agricultural productivity.
Over the years of independence, Uzbekistan has been able to achieve full food and grain independence, significantly increasing the production of grain and food products, thereby ensuring wide access for all sectors of the population to essential products (flour, flour products, fruit and vegetable and meat and dairy products). For 1990-2012. despite the population growth of 38.2%, the average per capita consumption of meat and meat products (by 22.6%), milk and dairy products (by 30.3%), eggs (by 42.3%), vegetables ( 2 times), potatoes (1.5 times), fruits (3.6 times).
However, in Uzbekistan, the problem of micronutrient deficiency among the population, such as iodine, folic acid, iron, and vitamin A, is still relevant. According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the prevalence of malnutrition in Uzbekistan is 6.3%, which means that 1.9 million people are undernourished. Uzbekistan ranked 78th in the Global Food Security Index in 2017.
2.1-By 2030, ensure access to balanced and high-quality nutrition in necessary volumes, vital and safe food for all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, all year round.
2.2-By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under five years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women, and older persons.
2.3-By 2030, significantly increase the average agricultural productivity and incomes of food producer.
2.4-By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity of production.
2.5-Maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks.
2a-Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity
2b-Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in the world agricultural markets.
2v-Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility.
|Indicator 2.1.2 Anemia incidence:|
|a) total population||5584,2||6098,3||5862,1||5125,7||5248,9|
|b) children under 5 years old||11284,2||11187,0||11164,3||10770,9||11099,4|
|c) pregnant women||3408,0||3322,4||2985,3||2758,1||2761,8|
|Indicator 2.2.1 Proportion of stunting in children under the age of five, among the annual average number of children under the age of five.||0,8||0,7||0,7||0,8||0,7|
|Indicator 184.108.40.206 Proportion of wasting in children under five years of age due to malnutrition, among the annual average number of children under five years of age.|
|a) all children||-||-||-||0,2||0,1|
|Indicator 220.127.116.11 Proportion of overweight children under five years of age due to malnutrition in the annual average of children under five years of age.|
|a) all children||-||-||-||0,2||0,2|
|Indicator 2.3.1 Productivity of main crops by category of farms|
|b) in farms||46,6||47||46,6||40,4||40,0|
|c) in dekhkan (personal) farms||59,3||59,2||59,8||57,9||53,7|
|d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities||31,1||30,6||29,8||30||27,8|
|2. Grain maize|
|b) in farms||42,4||43,8||47,3||39,9||40,1|
|c) in dekhkan (personal) farms||59,5||59,6||64,6||61,1||62,7|
|d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities||42,9||40,6||39,6||34,3||36,9|
|b) in farms||37,9||32,4||34,1||30,6||26,2|
|c) in dekhkan (personal) farms||48,5||49,7||46,3||49,8||49,6|
|d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities||30,4||26||30||22,8||25,3|
|b) in farms||26,3||26,0||23,5||24,0||20,8|
|d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities||13,7||13,5||16,6||18,6||24,0|
|b) in farms||195,2||201||212,9||178,1||154,9|
|c) in dekhkan (personal) farms||218,4||223,9||228,7||225,3||238,2|
|d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities||188,7||189||205||91,4||118,0|
|6. Vegetables – total|
|b) in farms||263||261,7||258,9||212||178,9|
|c) in dekhkan (personal) farms||273,5||277,3||280,8||272,8||266,3|
|d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities||165,4||196,2||171,6||206,4||106,0|
|7. Melons and watermelons – total|
|b) in farms||193,6||192||197,4||169,8||139,6|
|c) in dekhkan (personal) farms||210,6||217,2||226,7||233,3||243,3|
|d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities||171,7||155,2||145,9||67,9||67,5|
|8. Fruits and berries|
|b) in farms||90,1||99,0||103,9||77,1||82,5|
|c) in dekhkan (personal) farms||169,5||183,8||194,3||197,4||198,7|
|d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities||43,7||61,1||60,2||32,2||32,4|
|b) in farms||96,5||108,3||116,1||120,2||118,4|
|c) in dekhkan (personal) farms||174,9||189,0||200,1||226,1||222,6|
|d) in organizations engaged in agricultural activities||82,4||77,5||80,1||60,8||84,3|