More than 800 million people in the world still live on less than $ 1.25 a day, many of whom do not have access to adequate nutrition, clean drinking water, and sanitation. The eradication of poverty in all its forms remains one of the most serious problems facing humanity.
The number of people living in extreme poverty declined by more than half from 1990 to 2015, from 1.9 billion to 836 million. Despite this, more efforts are required to eradicate it. The probability of living in poverty is higher among women than among men due to unequal access to paid work, education, and private property. Threats caused by climate change, conflict and food insecurity have negative consequences. For example, in 2017, the economic damage from disasters amounted to more than 300 billion US dollars, which became one of the highest rates in recent years. The issue of poverty also affects developed countries, where there is a connection between poverty and unemployment.
The financial situation of the population is important not only for a single person, but also for the country as a whole. The growth of the population living below the poverty line is detrimental to the country's economic growth - purchasing power is lost, social cohesion is undermined, increasing political and social tensions, in some cases causing high levels of crime, political instability, and even armed conflicts.
Uzbekistan has maintained high and stable economic growth over the past decade and has achieved gradual diversification of production. It is very important that economic growth is accompanied by poverty reduction. According to official statistics, in 2016 the proportion of the population living below the national poverty line decreased from 27.7 percent in 2000 to 12.5 percent in 2015.
In 2000-2016, there was a tendency towards an increase in income, wages and pensions per capita. If per capita income in 2010 amounted to more than 1660 thousand soums, then in 2016 it grew to 4565 thousand soums, with an annual real growth rate of 10%. The average amount of the established pension increased from 126 thousand soums in 2010 to 495 thousand soums in 2016. The tendency for the population to be provided with durable goods shows a high growth for 2000-2016. In 2016, there were 43 cars, 153 televisions, 102 refrigerators per 100 households, which shows a double increase over the reporting period.
1.1- By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty.
1.2- By 2030, reduce by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions.
1.3-Strengthen the targeting and effectiveness of social protection system of the population, enhance the quality of social services, achieve full coverage of social protection measures for all in need
1.4-By 2030, ensure that all population, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have favourable economic and financial conditions for equal access, to basic resources (land plots, bank loans and etc.), new technologies and financial services, including microfinance.
1.5-By 2030, build the resilience of socially vulnerable people and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-induced extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters.
1a-Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions.
1b-Develop and improve strategic development forecasting, and monitoring and evaluation mechanisms, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions.
|Indicator 1.2.1 Low-income rate (by region and place of residence: city-village).|
|Republic of Karakalpakstan||28,8||28,3||27,6||26,3||25,9|
|Indicator 22.214.171.124 Percentage of the population receiving pension in kind (retirement pension, disability pension, persons with disabilities due to work-related accident or occupational disease, in case loss of family bread-winner) in total population|
|pensions for loss of breadwinner of the family||0,8||0,8||0,8||0,8||0,8|
|Indicator 126.96.36.199 Percentage of population receiving social benefits in total population (allowance for social assistance recipients with disabilities under age 16, in case loss of family bread-winner)|
|в) benefits for persons with disabilities up to 16 years||0,3||0,3||0,3||0,3||0,3|
|Indicator 1.4.1 Percentage of population living in decent housing||35,3||43,1||51,7||54,2||57,1|
|Indicator 1.4.2 Percentage of households with ownership housing.||98,5||98,6||97,8||97,9||98,0|
|Indicator 1.5.1. Number of deaths, missing persons and injured directly as a result of disasters per 100,000 population||2,3||1,9||1,9||2,8||2,7|
|Indicator 1.5.2 Direct economic losses due to natural disasters as % of GDP||0,000||0,002||0,003||0,000||0,005|
|Indicator 1.a.2 Proportion of government spending on education, health and social protection in total government spending.||54,5||54,1||53,4||51,2||41,7|
|Indicator 1.a.3 Percentage of government spending on social protection as a proportion of GDP.||1,1||1,1||0,8||0,7||0,7|